actions to structuring a technology paper editors will require really
A practiced editor gives advice to obtain your projects posted within an journal that is international
By Angel Borja, PhD Posted on 24 2014 Updated on 10 July 2019 june
Editor’s note: This 2014 post conveys the advice of a researcher sharing his experience and will not express Elsevier’s policy. Nonetheless, as a result to your feedback, we worked with him to upgrade this post therefore it reflects our methods. For instance, we have worked extensively with researchers to raise visibility of non-English language research since it was published. – July 10, 2019
Up-date: in reaction to your feedback, we now have reinstated the first text it was revised so you can see how. – July 11, 2019
Just how to make a manuscript for international journals — Part 2
In this monthly show, Dr. Angel Borja attracts on their considerable history being a writer, reviewer and editor to offer suggestions about planning the manuscript (author’s view), the assessment procedure (reviewer’s view) and exactly just what there is certainly to hate or love in a paper (editor’s view).
This short article could be the second when you look at the show. The very first article ended up being: “Six activities to do before composing your manuscript.”divider
Dr. Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, an extensive research center into the Basque nation in Spain focusing on marine research and meals technologies. Previously he had been also Head of this Department of Oceanography and Head of this Marine Management region. Their primary subject of investigation is marine ecology, and contains published a lot more than 270 efforts, from where 150 have been in over 40 peer-reviewed journals, through their long job of 32 many years of research. During this period he has got investigated in multiple topics and ecosystem elements, having an sufficient and view that is multidisciplinary of research.
Read more about his work on ResearchGate, ORCID and LinkedIn, and follow him on Twitter (@AngelBorjaYerro).
You checklist when you organize your manuscript, the first thing to consider is that the order of sections will be very different than the order of items on.
Articles starts aided by the Title, Abstract and keyword phrases.
The content text follows the IMRAD format, which responds towards the concerns below:
- Introduction: What did you/others do? Why did it is done by you?
- Practices: just exactly How did it is done by you?
- Results: just just exactly What do you see?
- Discussion: just what does it all mean?
The primary text is followed closely by the final outcome, Acknowledgements, References and Supporting Materials.
While this is the posted framework, nevertheless, we frequently make use of a order that is different writing.
Procedures to organizing your manuscript
- Prepare the figures and tables.
- Write the strategy.
- Jot down the outcome.
- Write the Discussion. Finalize the total results and Discussion before composing the introduction. It is because, in the event that conversation is inadequate, how could you objectively prove the significance that is scientific of work with the introduction?
- Write a clear summary.
- Compose a compelling introduction.
- Write the Abstract.
- Write a descriptive and concise Title.
- Choose Keyword Phrases for indexing.
- Write the Acknowledgements.
- Article the Sources.
Then, I’ll review each step of the process much more information. But you should do that will set the groundwork for the entire process before you set out to write a paper, there are two important things.
- This issue become examined must be the very first problem to be fixed. Determine your theory and goals (These is certainly going within the Introduction.)
- Review the literary works linked to the subject and choose some documents (about 30) that may be cited in your paper (These will undoubtedly be placed in the sources.)
Finally, take into account that each publisher features its own design instructions and choices, therefore constantly consult the publisher’s Guide for Authors.divider
Step one: Prepare the numbers and tables
Keep in mind that “a figure may be worth a thousand words.” Thus, pictures, including numbers and tables, would be the many efficient option to provide your outcomes. Your computer data are the force that is driving of paper, which means that your pictures are critical!
How can you determine between presenting your computer data as tables or numbers? Generally speaking, tables provide the real experimental outcomes, while numbers in many cases are useful for evaluations of experimental outcomes with those of past works, or with calculated/theoretical values (Figure 1).
Whatever your decision is, no pictures should duplicate the information described somewhere else into the manuscript.
Another factor that is important figure and dining dining table legends should be self-explanatory (Figure 2).
Whenever presenting your tables and numbers, appearances count! To the end:
- Avoid crowded plots (Figure 3), only using three to four information sets per figure; usage well-selected scales.
- Think about appropriate axis label size
- Add clear symbols and information sets which are very easy to differentiate.
- Never ever consist of long bland tables ( e.g., chemical compositions of emulsion systems or listings of types and abundances). You can them as additional product.
If you use photographs, each should have a scale marker, or scale club, of expert quality in a single part.
In photographs and figures, utilize color only once necessary whenever submitting to a printing book. If various line designs can simplify this is, avoid using colors or other effects that are thrilling you are faced with expensive costs. Needless to say, this doesn’t use to online journals. For a lot of journals, it is possible to submit duplicate numbers: one out of color for the version that is online of log and pdfs, and another in black colored and white for the hardcopy journal (Figure 4).
Another problem that is common the abuse of lines and histograms. Lines joining information just may be used whenever presenting time show or consecutive examples information ( ag e.g., in a transect from https://eliteessaywriters.com/blog/psychology-research-paper-topics coast to offshore in Figure 5). Nevertheless, if you have no connection between examples or there isn’t a gradient, you have to utilize histograms (Figure 5).
Often, fonts are way too little for the log. You need to simply just take this into consideration, or they may be illegible to visitors (Figure 6).
Finally, you have to look closely at the application of decimals, lines, etc. (Figure 7)
Action 2: Compose the strategy
This section reacts to your concern of the way the issue ended up being examined. In the event the paper is proposing a method that is new you ought to add detailed information so an educated audience can replicate the test.
But, usually do not duplicate the important points of founded techniques; usage sources and materials that are supporting suggest the formerly posted procedures. Broad summaries or key recommendations are enough.